Characterization of some flavonoids in phoenix dactylifera. An antioxidant, which can quench reactive free radicals, can prevent the oxidation of other molecules and may, therefore, have healthpromoting effects in the prevention of degenerative diseases 23. Journal of agricultural and food chemistry 20, 61 18, 42784286. The tree of dates or the palm date phoenix dactylifera l. Hundreds of varieties having different texture, color, and flavor are available for valorization and adoption in food processing operations. Biochemical and genetical responses of phoenix dactylifera. Here we report a genome assembly for an elite variety khalas, which is 605.
The cadmium cd, a heavy metal, causes toxicity, which leads to hampering the growth and development of the plant. The most probable area of origin of the date palm was in. Antioxidant and antimutagenic properties of aqueous. Until the early 1960s, the traditional recipe arkouy from the mixture of carob ceratonia siliqua l. During the past three centuries, dates were also introduced to new production areas in australia, indiapakistan, mexico, southern africa, south america. Pharmacological investigation of phoenix dactylifera l. Abstract nine varieties of algerian date palm fruits phoenix dactylifera l. The spathes of phoenix dactylifera l used for this study were collected from touggourt in the southern algerian in march and avril 2012 at flowering stage. Pdf isolation of estrone and cholesterol from the date palm. Phoenix dactylifera cultivars, fruit, morphological, anatomical. Activated charcoal fostered satisfactory growth by reducing the browning and inhibition of growth of explants. Structure, composition and physiological state of the.
Biology department, college of science, university of zakho, iraq marine and applied biology. View enhanced pdf access article on wiley online library html view download pdf. Phoenix dactylifera scientific name phoenix dactylifera l. The record derives from wcsp data supplied on 20120323 which reports it as an accepted name record 152659 with original publication details. Impact of salinity stress on date palm phoenix dactylifera. Pdf isolation of estrone and cholesterol from the date. Overview of biology, uses, and cultivation chihcheng t.
Structure, composition and physiological state of the endosperm of phoenix dactylifera l d. Chemical composition of date palm phoenix dactylifera l. The present comparative study aimed to investigate for the first time some physical and antioxidant properties of date fruits from phoenix dactylifera l. Observations were conducted in the south of morocco on 20 trees per cultivar and four offshoots per tree. Pdf identification of some date palm phoenix dactylifera. Biology department, college of science, university of zakho, iraq marine and applied biology department, university of alicante, spain summary date palm phoenix dactylifera l. Family arecaceae queensland, new south wales, the act, victoria, tasmania, western australia and the northern territory palmae south australia common names date, date palm origin this species probably originated in southwestern asia and the drier parts of northern. This investigation aimed to evaluate the chemical composition and physicochemical properties of seed oils from 6 date palm phoenix. An antioxidant, which can quench reactive free radicals, can prevent the. The chemical constituents present in plants have been reported to vary with the geographical location of the plants. Date palm constitutes the principal source of remuneration and the basis of economy for the people living in the sahara. Biochemical and nutritional characterizations of date palm fruits phoenix dactylifera l.
Genome sequence of the date palm phoenix dactylifera l. Arecaceae is used in most of the countries of the world and is an essential part of the diet, especially in many arabian countries. I wanted to share this picture of whitebrowed and red vented bulbuls drinking toddy, from thamballapalle in chittoor of ap. Pdf many plants, including some of the commonly consumed herbs and spices in our daily food, can be safely and effectively used to prevent. The molecular and biochemical approaches were used for the investigation of antioxidant. Growth, proline accumulation, and ion content in naclstressed callus cultures of date palm phoenix dactylifera l. Phoenix dactylifera cultivar taxonomy has not been an aim of this monograph. Bioactive properties, fatty acid compositions, and phenolic.
Date palm agroecosystem, data base, phoenix dactylifera, predators and parasitoids, arthropod pests. However, utilization of leaves as a source of element supplement has not been yet explored. Phoenix dactylifera an overview sciencedirect topics. This investigation assessed the nutritional composition of some selected date fruits from. Characterization of some flavonoids in phoenix dactylifera l. Pdf palma datilera phoenix dactylifera l katty salazar. Date flesh has nutritive components as potentially active antioxidant phytochemicals. Species the species name dactylifera means fingerbearing and refers to the fruit clusters produced by this palm. The most probable area of origin of the date palm was in or near what is now the country of iraq, but date cultivation spread to many countries starting in ancient times. Pdf a descriptors for date palm phoenix dactylifera l. Here we report a genome assembly for an elite variety khalas, which is. Fruit soluble phenolics composition and antiatherogenic properties in nine israeli varieties. The physical properties of whole date fruits and date fruit seeds were analyzed separately. Hosted by the usgs core science analytics and synthesis.
Bmc plant biology identification and characterization of genebased ssr markers in date palm phoenix dactylifera l. It is valued mainly for its fruits dates as well as an ornamental tree. Page designed through the cooperative efforts of interagency itis teams. Pdf biochemical and nutritional characterizations of. There are more than two hundred varieties of dates available worldwide. The vegetal material was composed of four moroccan cultivars of ph. The rate of cesarean section is increasing in all over the world with different drafts in various countries. It is the main crop in egypt, saudi arabia, and middle eastern countries. In appreciation of its fruits, the date tree is referred to as the sacred tree, the tree of life, and the bread of the desert. No warranties or guarantees as to the accuracy of the data and information derived from this web site are expressed or implied. Diseases of date palms phoenix dactylifera l docdeveloppement. Bioactive compounds of date palm phoenix dactylifera l. It is a multipurpose tree that provides food, materials for shelter, fuel and timber products in a harsh environment, where only few plants can grow 2. Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide.
Besides, dates can be grown in australia, mexico, south america, southern africa, and the united states, especially in southern california, arizona, and texas chao and krueger, 2007. Phoenix is the latin term for the greek word that means date palm. Adventitious plantlets were obtained from lateral buds, shoot tips, embryos, and pieces of stem and rachilla tissue of phoenix dactylifera l. The date derivatives are rich in nutraceuticals and pharmaceuticals. Chao department of botany and plant sciences, university qi californiariverside, riverside, ca 925210124. Therapeutic effects of date fruits phoenix dactylifera. Natural products and therapeutic options article pdf available in frontiers in plant science 8 may 2017 with 2,701 reads how we measure reads. But the antioxidant potential ap, evaluated throughout total phenolic content tpc.
Some of the date palms peculiar ecological whims include. Anticancer effects of ajwa dates phoenix dactylifera l. Hamad i, abdelgawad h, jaouni sk, zinta g, asard h, hassan sh, hegab mm, hagagy n, selim sa 2015 metabolic analysis of various date palm fruit phoenix dactylifera l. It is very tolerant of alkali soils and can grow in soils containing 34% white alkali. Identification and characterization of genebased ssr. Therapeutic effects of date fruits phoenix dactylifera in. Hundreds of varieties having different texture, color, and flavor are available for. Molecular identification of some seedling of date palm phoenix dactylifera l. Hepatocellular carcinoma hcc accounts for major cancerrelated deaths despite current advanced therapies. Phenolic contents and antioxidant activity of various date. Date palm have a long history of cultivation and utilization which dates back to atleast 5000. Phenolic contents and antioxidant activity of various date palm phoenix dactylifera. Arecaceae are very commonly consumed in many parts of the world and are a vital component of the diet in most of the arabian countries.
One of the bestknown palms, phoenix dactylifera date palm is a tall evergreen palm tree with a slender trunk topped with a crown of 100 120 gracefully arching, featherlike fronds that can reach 1016 ft. Treatment and prognosis of hcc is better in patients with preserved liver. Phoenix dactylifera, commonly known as date or date palm, is a flowering plant species in the palm family, arecaceae, cultivated for its edible sweet fruit. Phenotypic diversity of date palm cultivars phoenix dactylifera l. Appears close as per images at phoenix dactylifera l. Each graygreen, waxy, pinnate leaf is divided into about 150 stiff, sharp pointed leaflets. Assessment of genetic relationships among date palm cultivars is of major importance for characterization of date palm germplasm, breeding programs, and conservation purposes.
A full bearing orchard requires the equivalent of 23 dm rainfall knight, 1980. Yongli zhao 0 roxanne williams 0 c s prakash 0 guohao he 0 0 department of. All books are in clear copy here, and all files are secure so dont worry about it. The record derives from wcsp which reports it as an accepted name record 152659 with original publication details. The california polytechnic state university and the cal poly corporation shall not be responsible for any loss of profit, indirect, incidental, special, or consequential damages arising out of the use of the data and information derived from this web site. Dactylifera is a combination of the greek word dactylus, or finger, and the latin word ferous, or bearing.
Ajwa dates are one of the most repetitively and extensively mentioned fruits in the quran. Family arecaceae queensland, new south wales, the act, victoria, tasmania, western australia and the northern territory palmae south. Pdf physical and antioxidant properties of two algerian. Isolation of estrone and cholesterol from the date palm, phoenix dactylifera l.645 1069 234 946 1498 516 233 1240 344 487 896 238 118 1541 1380 999 1011 689 1539 799 258 1408 1091 1063 1101 827 1202 233 499 20 1219 344 126 382 1214 779 1024 272 1238